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Gum Disease and Treatment

An infection of the mouth’s gum tissues is known as periodontal disease, or gum disease. Periodontal disease begins as a silent disease that often causes no initial pain or uncomfortable symptoms, but instead slowly causes a deterioration of the supporting tissues in the mouth. Bacteria that are not properly removed from the teeth begin to proliferate, turning into a hardened build-up of plaque on the teeth.

Periodontal Scaling & Root Planing

If bacteria are not removed and instead left to continue growing, they can begin to invade the gums and underlying bone. Eventually this causes the gums to become inflamed, sore and reddened in a condition known as gingivitis. As time goes one, untreated gingivitis can worsen, and the gums may even begin to detach from the teeth. This condition is known as periodontitis, and it can result in a loss of teeth and increased risk of other health complications, such as heart attack or stroke.

Although it is manageable with treatment, periodontal disease affects approximately three in every four American adults – many of whom are unaware they have the disease at all. Daily oral hygienic habits, such as brushing and flossing, are primary factors in determining whether someone is at risk for developing gum disease. Routine dental care – including frequent professional dental cleanings – goes a long way in preventing periodontal disease.

Signs & Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is very common, but many people who suffer from are unaware of the condition until a dentist makes a diagnosis or severe symptoms begin to set in. Unfortunately, the symptoms of periodontal disease can be very subtle, and even silent in its earliest stages. However, there are some warning signs of periodontal disease that can indicate the need for professional intervention. Knowing and identifying symptoms of the disease can lead to early diagnosis, treatment and even reversal of the disease altogether.

Tender or swollen gums – If the gums are swollen or tender to the touch, they may be responding to a bacterial infection. Reddening is another symptom, as healthy gum tissues appear pale pink in hue and are firm to the touch.

Gums that bleed – bleeding gums are one of the most common signs of periodontal disease. Gums may easily and bleed during brushing, flossing or while chewing hard foods. The bleeding is usually minor, but tends to occur on a regular basis.
Difficulty chewing – Chewing food should not be an uncomfortable process. If chewing becomes painful or difficult, it is important to seek attention from a dentist or periodontist.

Bad breath – Bad breath that persists despite regular brushing and flossing can be an indication of periodontal disease. Bad breath is typically caused by a proliferation of bacteria that invade the soft tissues and cause chronic odor.

Changes to the gum line – As periodontal disease begins to advance, it is common to experience changes to the gum line. Gums begin to deteriorate, causing them to recede or pull away from the teeth. Left untreated, this can lead to eventual tooth loss.

Sores or pus – Advanced periodontal disease can cause sores to develop within the mouth, which can be especially uncomfortable. Additionally, pus may begin to seep out along the gum line – a definite indicator of a bacterial infection.

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Office HOURS
Monday: 8:30am - 5:30pm
Tuesday: Closed
Wednesday: 8:30am-5:30pm
Friday: 8:30am - 5:30pm
Alternate Saturday: 8:30am-12:30pm
Sunday: Closed
Contact INFO

Valley View Dental
Tel: 510.582.7919

20406 Redwood Rd., Ste C1
Castro Valley, CA 94546


Cosmetic Dentistry
Bonding/cosmetic fillings
Children's dentistry
Bleaching/In office power Whitening
Lumineers Porcelain Veneers
Invisalign clear braces
Periodontics (Gum Treatment)
Crowns & Bridges
Dental Implant
Root Canal Treatment
TMJ Treatment
Intraoral camera and digital X-rays
Bad breath & Bleeding gums treatment


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